Exporting to Germany

Germany is highly industrialised, diverse and stable, offering long-term potential for UK businesses. Germany’s market is similar to the UK’s, so if your product or service is successful here it’s likely you’ll be successful there.

Strong trade partnership

Germany is the UK’s second largest export market and trading partner, accounting for more than 10% of all UK trade in 2018. During that period, total trade between the UK and Germany was worth £133 billion.

Digital industry and economy

There is demand in areas of UK strength such as big data, artificial intelligence, cyber security and the internet of things.

Strong framework for investment

Germany offers competitive tax regulations, investment incentives and a secure, highly developed political and economic framework. This is supported by excellent infrastructure, a highly qualified workforce and legal system that protects property and individual rights.

Ease of doing business


out of 190 countries, World Bank 2019



Business languages


You may need a translator

GDP per capita


2018, IMF, UK is $42,560

Economic growth


2018, IMF

Time zone

GMT +1

Opportunities for exporters

The digitalisation of Germany’s industry and economy will impact all sectors and enhance opportunities associated with business models, manufacturing processes, digital marketplaces and supply chains.

Doing business in Germany

Preparing to export


The standard rate of VAT in Germany is 19%. Convenience goods and day-to-day services are charged at 7%. Some services including banking, healthcare and non-profit work are VAT exempt.

Goods exported from the UK to Germany are zero-rated if your customer provides their VAT registration number.

Packaging and labelling

Packaging is a strong influence on how German consumers choose products. It’s worth doing research to check that your packaging is to German tastes.

EU standards apply to packaging. For more information see the EU trade helpdesk.

Labelling should be translated into German. Certain products, such as food and textiles, have specific labelling requirements.

Payment terms

Standard payment terms for business-to-business transactions are 60 days and 30 days for public authorities. You can claim late payment interest when terms are not met.

Operating in Germany

Business culture

German firms are often family-owned and take a longer-term view. They value personal relationships highly.

Often businesses will not necessarily go for best price, but for long-term shared vision or relationship.

Business people will be well prepared for meetings, and will have carefully researched your products and services.

Next steps

DIT can advise you on doing business abroad, and help put you in touch with other people who can help such as lawyers and distributors.