Capital: Dushanbe
Population: 9.75 million (2021) World Bank
Currency: Somoni (TJS)
Time: UTC+5 (TJT)


  • The government of Tajikistan highlighted key areas of development in its National Development Strategy (NDS) 2030. These are (1) energy, (2) water resources, (3) transport, and (4) agriculture. There are seven cross-cutting areas that the government identified: (1) health, (2) education, (3) gender, (4) youth, (5) migration, (6) environment, and (7) emergencies.

Key Sectors


  • The economy's industrialisation, outlined in the NDS 2030, requires new, modern enterprises for processing and manufacturing agricultural, textiles and building materials. This includes the supply of equipment, production technology, long-term production assistance, and supply of raw materials.


  • Tajikistan adopted a National Strategy for the Education Development (NSED) 2030, which identifies reforms to support its NDS and Sustainable Development Strategy (SDG) goals.
  • These include the development of online learning and improving the quality of English language tuition. There are opportunities for investment and cooperation between private education providers, public educational institutions, English language tuition and testing.


  • Tajikistan’s hydropower potential is estimated at 527 billion kWh per year. Some 50 small to medium additional hydroelectric power stations (HPS) are planned. Once online, these will make Tajikistan the biggest energy exporter in Central Asia.

Smart Cities

  • The capital Dushanbe is a rapidly developing city with smart city ambitions and at the centre of significant transport and other infrastructure projects improving local and regional links. Dushanbe’s Smart City Department is looking at real time public transport tracking and passenger information; electronic bill payment and presentment; e-government G2B and G2C applications; waste recycling: household and construction; smart car parking systems; integrated CCTV systems.


  • The processing of Tajikistan's wide variety of agricultural products including cotton, wool and silk has potential for development. Processing and packaging technologies are required in the fruit and vegetable industry. The country's desire to increase its own production of meat and poultry requires partnerships, co-investment and supplies in the construction of modern livestock and poultry farms.


  • Tajikistan has significant mineral resources and deposits including some 70 different precious metals and minerals such as gold, copper, silver, strontium, tungsten and molybdenum, providing opportunities for machinery, supply chain equipment and services.

To learn more about the UK’s trade relationship with Mongolia, visit hereopens www.gov.uk in a new tab and contact EECAN.ExportHub@fcdo.gov.uk to discuss the opportunities in the region.